At 18:30 on November 18, 2020, the Beihong Forum organized by the School of Fine Arts was held in Classroom 501, Yuanmei Building, Xianlin Campus. This lecture was delivered by Gu Kai, associate professor of School of Architecture, Southeast University. The lecture attracted many teachers and students to listen, and the academic atmosphere on site was extremely warm.
The theme of this lecture is "Importantly Going in Painting: Landscape Tour Views and Pictorial Pursuits of Jiangnan Gardens in the Late Ming Dynasty". The lecture mainly revolves around three aspects. First of all, Mr. Gu clarified the relationship between gardens and paintings by tracing the relevant early documents, that is, making gardens with spirit of painting. Secondly, Mr. Gu explained in detail the ways in which painting intentions are presented in the construction of gardens, which are form, state and tour. The tour view is the key content of this lecture. On the issue of form, Professor Gu pointed out that the effect of form construction is often closely related to the painting style of a specific period and even specific painters, and combined with related art works and documentary records to get a more general understanding of garden painting meaning: visual picture effects. In terms of realm, Mr. Gu proposed the relationship between scenery and realm. Scenery is concrete and fragmentary, while environment is beyond visual, comprehensive and perceptual, it is an image outside the painting.
The presentation of the painting meaning of Tour view is a dynamic experience of “approaching in painting”. Mr. Gu connects the tour view of landscape painting with the view of landscape gardens, and explains it from the perspectives of spiritual travel and body travel. The comparison of landscape gardens with those of the late Ming Dynasty reflects the change of garden rockery from small to large, from landscape to environment.
Then Mr. Gu pointed out the new feature of Jiangnan gardens in the late Ming Dynasty, namely, the dynamic view of travel. Taking Wang Shizhen's "Yangshan Garden" as an example, it also reflected the change of the mentality of the literati in the late Ming Dynasty. In the end, Mr. Gu elaborated on the influence of the characteristics of Jiangnan garden tour in the late Ming Dynasty on painting, that is, the landscape catalogues focusing on local scenic spots are no longer favored, while the overall continuity and integrity are enhanced.
As the lecture was about to end, Mr. Gu had extensive and in-depth exchanges and discussions with all the teachers and students in site. After this lecture, the students had a deeper understanding of the landscape and painting pursuit of Jiangnan gardens in the late Ming Dynasty. So far, the lecture ended successfully in a pleasant and relaxing atmosphere.