Think Tank Research and Think Tank Report Writing
Liu Xizhong Research office of Jiangsu social science federation
At the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, it was proposed to accelerate the construction of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics and strengthen the construction of a new type of think tank with Chinese characteristics. With the continuous development of think tank construction, the construction of new think tank in Jiangsu province has formed a development pattern of "one body and two wings" with the council of new think tank as the main body, the research and evaluation center of Chinese think tank in Nanjing University and the research and exchange center of Jiangsu think tank as two wings. In the construction of think tank, Jiangsu social science federation mainly assumes the roles of "think tank platform builder", "think tank theory researcher" and "think tank practice participant".
To carry out think tank research, we must first clarify the connection and difference between think tank research and academic research. Think tank research is the highest stage of academic research, and think tank achievement is the highest state of academic research. Think tank talents can’t be trained from scratch, but more need to rely on outstanding academic experts cross-sector development, career change. There are significant differences between think tank research and academic research in the following five aspects: from the perspective of research, most academic circles encourage research in the ivory tower, with relatively loose and simple environment. Think tank research should reach out to the society and do research closely related to the current situation. In terms of innovation orientation, academic circles encourage knowledge innovation and theoretical innovation, and push the latest boundaries of existing knowledge forward to achieve a breakthrough of "1 to 0". The think tank community encourages policy innovation and integrated innovation, and try to graft advanced theories and practices into the real world. This is a "1+1" application process. In the pursuit of realm, most academic circles encourage sitting on the bench, writing books, focusing on leaving the world, pursuing the metaphysical level of Tao. The think tank community must pursue hot spots, make timely and rapid responses, study the issues that need to be solved at the policy level, focus on entering the world, and pursue the level of Vessel. In terms of writing style, academic writing complicates simple issues, while think tank writing simplifies complex issues. Think tank writing should convert literature review into situation review, and the construction model into scheme design, so as to simplify problems and refine countermeasures and Suggestions. In terms of evaluation criteria, academic papers pay attention to accumulation and inheritance, mainly accept peer review, pay attention to their academic influence, and focus on the circulation within the academic system. The research report of think tank focuses on whether it can form support for decision-making and promote the transformation of social progress, and pays attention to its practical influence and policy influence, mainly focusing on the external circulation of think tank and government society.
In view of the insufficient connection between the experts of the think tank and the policy research department, the policy research institutions of the party and government departments should be good at "borrowing boats to go out to sea" and actively absorb the research results of the think tank. Think tanks should be good at "climbing the ladder", by providing high-quality and professional think tank products, strengthen the cooperation with policy research institutions of party and government departments to develop themselves, and enhance their influence on decision-making. Do the following five things well:
Firstly, decision consultation information co-construction and sharing. Think tanks are not only the users but also the builders of decision consultation information. In the context of big data, we will push think tanks to establish databases and open them to the public. At the same time, think tank experts should pay close attention to the information related to their research direction, update it in real time, and make their research direction and field conform to the decision-making and consulting needs of the party committee and government to the greatest extent.
Secondly, decision-making consultation and supply and demand dialogue. By the provincial leadership circle read the topic, the actual work of the department, think tank salon in Jiangsu province to solve the problem, the development of Jiangsu frontier dialogue problem solving, in order to find the most authoritative experts for the government departments, think tank institutions to find the most appropriate departments. Through the wisdom fair, we will build an institutionalized platform for the connection between supply and demand, and form an ideological product market of "targeted customization by decision-making departments and precision production by think tanks".
Thirdly, the decision-making consultation topic collaboration. Government departments participate in the construction and operation of think tanks, functional departments participate in research projects, establish and perfect the thought product production chain of seamless connection between think tanks and actual working departments, and connect think tanks, policy research institutions and decision-making departments in different circles.
Fourthly, the transformation of decision-making consulting results. The results of decision-making consultation will be transformed into policy, disseminated to the society. Turn think tank reviews into policy words. The ideal state of the connection between politics and wisdom is: the countermeasures were turned into policies, the articles were turned into documents, the ideas were turned into outlets, and the mind was turned into productivity.
Fifthly, think tanks and policy institutions interact with each other. The think tank is responsible for the ruling, and the decision makers are responsible for the decision. We must not over-exaggerate the role of think tanks, put the think tank above the government, and do not excessively devalue the think tank, turning the think tank into a vassal of the government; Promote the implementation of policy purchase decision-making consulting services, think tank experts to the local government departments, etc. The social science federation of Jiangsu province has built a platform for the think tank to connect with the actual work departments and played a good role as a bridge and link. In addition, to carry out high-quality think tank research, we must grasp the five dimensions of high-innovation of ideas, synergy of vision width, professionalism of accumulation thickness, penetration of problem sharpness and objectivity of responsibility intensity. In order to write high quality think tank report, we should be familiar with customers and practice basic skills, aim at the problem, establish the target, regard content as king, enhance persuasion, carefully polish the report, use your language well, seize the moment, increase the hit rate. Think what the leader thinks, think what the leader does not think, think what the leader will think.
To carry out high-quality think tank research, five dialectical relations should be handled:
The first is to handle the relationship between the minority and the public. Think tanks provide services for specific decision-makers, so when writing decision-making consulting reports, they should have clear direction and targeted supply. At the same time, think tank serves the public, gathers their wisdom and protects their interests. It is not only a good teacher and friend to enlighten people's thinking and a kite to test public opinion, but also a buffer platform to relieve people's concerns. It is necessary to attach equal importance to the policy transformation and social dissemination of the research results of think tank.
The second is to handle with the relationship between the known and the unknown. To strengthen the study of policy, avoid using existing leadership speeches and documents already issued as countermeasures. Identify the known and unknown issues. Through literature review and comprehensive consideration of the research progress of other scholars, determine the known and unknown of the research. Omit the known content of the leader, elaborate the part that the leader wants to know but still unknown, identify the known and unknown of the leader.
The third is to handle with the relationship between macro and micro. The topic selection of the think tank research report should focus more on the meso-micro level, be down-to-earth and be able to solve practical problems. You can use one domain to look at the whole picture, but you cannot only discuss one domain according to one domain. Be on the same level as your leader and take a holistic view. The limited objectives of the think tank report are: high station position, accurate section and deep incision.
The fourth is to handle the relationship between the main business and the sideline business. At present, think tanks are the sideline rather than the main job of many experts and scholars. However, with the increasing importance of the construction of think tanks, a number of professional think tank research teams may be separated from the ranks of university experts in the future, and a revolving door system will be established in universities to rotate experts from the research department to the think tank department, thus realizing the transformation of think tank experts from amateur research to professional and vocational research.
The fifth is to handle the relationship between behind the scenes and before the stage. Think tank workers should have volunteerism and a strong sense of mission. Hiding behind the spotlight, think tank experts should follow their hearts instead of blindly seeking influence and sensationalism. On the other hand, think tank experts can make the research results solidify in space and time by reasonably transforming the publicly available parts of the decision-making consulting report into academic papers, so as to realize the interaction between academic research and think tank research, and realize the win-win situation of service decision-making and service society.