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[Publication]: Synthesis and application of magnetic materials-barium ferrite nanomaterial as an effective microwave catalyst for degradation of brilliant green

Dr. Chengdu Qi, Prof. Shaogui Yang and Prof. Huan He published a research paper in Chemosphere (2020, 127681)

In this work, magnetic separably BaFe2O4 nanomaterial (BaFeO) was synthesized via citrate acid assisted sol–gel combustion method. Subsequently, X–ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy–energy dispersion spectroscopy (SEM–EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were applied for its structural, morphological, and electromagnetic characterization. In addition, microwave (MW) absorption and thermal conversion test results indicated the BaFeO had electrothermal rather than magnetothermal conversion capacity. Meanwhile, the synthesized BaFeO showed satisfactory performance in both eliminating and mineralization of a typical triphenylmethane dye, brilliant green (BG), in MW–induced catalytic oxidation (MICO) process without extra oxidant addition. Besides, changes in element valence and content of BaFeO before and after MICO process investigated with XRD, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X–ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed its relatively stable properties. Furthermore, transition oxygen species involved in MICO process was deduced as lattice oxygen species. Then, the possible degradation pathway of BG was proposed as demethylation, open–loop of triphenylmethane, releasing one ring, formation of the benzene ring and the ultimate mineralization based on the degradation intermediates tentatively identified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC/MS), respectively. Finally, ecotoxicity analysis by ecological structure activity relationships (ECOSAR) showed that both the acute and chronic toxicity of these intermediates were lower than that of parent BG. These findings are important regarding the development of efficient catalysts in MICO process for degradation of BG analogues in wastewater.