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[Publication]: The change of water content and role of microbe in the sludge drying process

Prof. Bo Bian published a research paper in Journal of Environmental Management (2021, 112254)

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112254

 

https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0301479721003169-fx1_lrg.jpg

 

In this study, the pure terephthalic acid sludge was treated by a drying process which was an economical and environmentally method. The water change and metabolic pathways for bacterial community function prediction were analyzed. The microbial community changes were studied by high-throughput sequencing to draw the dynamic succession model. Then multiple statistics was used to determine the key factors of the reduction. The results showed that the main stage of water loss in the PTA sludge drying process was the high temperature period where the water lost by evaporation accounted for more than 90% of the total removal. The main metabolic pathways for bacterial community function were amino acid (7.72%–8.71% of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes relative abundance and 8.26%–9.51% of Cluster of orthologous groups of proteins relative abundance) and carbohydrate metabolism. The model describing the dynamic succession of microbial communities showed that the dominant bacteria changed from Nitrospira, Novosphingobium and Azohydromonas to Pseudomonas, Paeniglutamicibac and Pelotomaculum. The key factors for water loss were GemmatimonasNovosphingobium and Azohydromonas with the correlation coefficients of 0.887, 0.772, 0.783, respectively; the key factors for dry matter loss were Pelotomaculum, total organic matter, dissovlved organic carbon and carbon/nitrogen ratio; the key factors for toxic substance loss were Brevundimonas, Novosphingobium and Gemmatimonas. These results provided theoretical support for the application and demonstration for hazardous waste sludge reduction.