On 2nd September, “Master Entering Campuses” was held in Concert Hall of Sui Park, Nanjing Normal University, which is one of the activities in Jiangsu -- Homeland of Erhu: Ceremony of National Music & National Tour for Chinese Music’s “Little Golden Bell”: Erhu Performance. Professor Zhang Weiliang, famous performer of bamboo flute, Xiao and Xun, educator and composer, gave an academic lecture on “Similarities and Differences on the Practicing of Bamboo Flute for Solo and Multiple Performance” to the students and teachers. The lecture was hosted by Jiang Xiaodong, party committee secretary of Music Department.
Professor Zhang Weiliang is a doctoral supervisor of Chinese Conservatory of Music who has published monographs like Study on the Art of Bamboo Flute and Tutorial on Chinese Bamboo Flute, and more than 100 academic papers. Besides, he has released more than ten albums and tutoring VCDs, such as World of Xiao and Zhang Weiliang’s Art of Pipe Music. He has successfully held tens of recitals at home and abroad, which had an extensive influence. Professor Zhang also made a considerable achievement in musical composition. He has composed many works like Weeping of Flowers, Melody of the South and Dream of Bamboos, and has won a lot of awards for his composition. During the lecture, Professor Zhang used bamboo flutes as an example to share his opinions on the training of solo and multiple performance. Meanwhile, he also introduced some skills for performance.
Professor Zhang pointed out that, during a solo, an instrument should be allowed to express its characteristic, to lighten the melodies and to deepen the connotations. On the other hand, during the practice, the performer should emphasize on strength, stability and control. Using Trip to Suzhou and Spring Waves as examples for solo performance, he expounded from three perspectives: the skills of breath, fingers and tongue. Professor Zhang elaborately explained the methods to keep stable breath and relax fingers during the practice. Moreover, he provided approaches to properly practice chopping sounds, spiting sounds, slipping sounds, changing sounds, quivering sounds, overlapping sounds, etc. The articulation of these sounds are combination of blowing skills in both the North and South, which made the melody more vivid and expressive. During the multiple performance, the unification of tone, intonation and tempo are very important, because multiple performance focus more on unity rather than individuality. Taking the training in the Bamboo Flute Band in Chinese Conservatory of Music as an example, Professor Zhang emphasized that except for the unity of tune, intonation and tempo, the balance of proportion between parts of accompaniment, change of polyphony and volume are also fields that need additional attention.
Professor Zhang also mentioned the strategy “Standing in Jiangsu; Facing the whole nation; Going to the world”. He pointed out that Chinese traditional music should become a powerful cultural force and integrate with the international cultural environment. His arguments inspired the retrospection of the students. Professor Zhang appealed to the students to simultaneously learn some scientific knowledge while learning arts, for scientific ideas could be inspirations for creation.
At the end of the lecture, there was a Question & Answer section. Students were free to ask questions. Professor Zhang patiently answered all the questions, which benefited and satisfied both students majoring in bamboo flutes and national music in our department, along with some students from other universities. There was no empty seats in the concert hall, and the atmosphere was enthusiastic and ebullient.