On the afternoon of July 25, 2019, Dr. Zuo Xinian, a research professor at the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, gave a lecture entitled “Harnessing reliability for Neuroscience Research” at the National Summer School (Psychology) in Nanjing Normal University. Prof. Zuo is the Director of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research Center and was awarded by the “Hundred Talents Program” of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is currently the editorial board members of NeuroImage, NeuroImage: Clinical, Network Neuroscience and Frontiers of Neuroscience. His research interests mainly focus on human brain connectomics, Resting State FMRI, and developmental neuroscience. The lecture was hosted by Prof. Deng Zhu, the dean of School of Psychology at Nanjing Normal University.
First, Prof. Zuo introduced what is reliability analysis and why it is important. He began with the subjectivity of the scientific research, combined with the fact that the experimental repeatability is low in the published papers recently. He suggested that measurement reliability within individual samples is often suboptimal, thereby requiring unnecessarily large samples. He then gave the comments on the reliability in neuroimaging and provide examples of how the reliability can be increased. Finally, Prof. Zuo introduced his Chinese Color Nest Project about the growth curves of brain and cognition in school-age children.
In the last Question & Answer session, Prof. Zuo Xinian with the students who attended the lecture had a positive interaction. The lecture arose the great interests of students and was ended in applause.