On November 2, 2020, professor Yu Weimin from Wenzhou University was invited to the School of Arts, Nanjing Normal University for academic exchange, and gave an academic lecture entitled "the Emergence and evolution of the Four Major Singing Styles of Southern Opera" in Room 117, Middle Building, Suiyuan Campus. The lecture was presided by Professor Sun Shulei, majoring in Drama and Opera of the College of Liberal Arts. The master students of Drama and Opera of the College of Liberal Arts and other professional master students attended the lecture.
Professor Yu weimin said in his lecture that the tune of the Southern Opera was determined by its tone. In the process of its spread, it combined with local dialects to form different styles of tune, of which four were the most widespread and influential: Haiyan tune, Yuyao tune, Yiyangqiang tune and Kunshan tune. After four singing in the Song and Yuan dynasties period, they have been circulating on the opera stage, which all have different characteristics on the singing style, melody style. In the process of its spread, their way of singing and melody style have changed a lot, and the production of these mutations, is influenced by geography, and related to the different audience's aesthetic taste. Such as sea salt cavity is dynasties spread after the sea salt and sea salt area of dialects, folk songs of the combination of a kind of singing, in the southern Song dynasty, after the creation of the Yuan dynasty, Yang Zi, GuanYunShi, unheard-of to pity sanqu writer in the reform, reform of sea salt cavity Yang Zi, were to switch to "official language" singing, enables the haiyan tune to the north and the south. In the Jiajing Period of Ming Dynasty, it underwent another reform, that is, the use of zheng, pipa and other stringed instruments to accompany; However, after the mid-Wanli period, due to the gradual rise of Kunshan cavity, Haiyan cavity gradually declined, and its position was finally replaced by Kunshan cavity.
Professor Yu Weimin's lecture was simple and profound, which aroused positive response from the teachers and students attending the meeting. The students put forward their own confusion in research, and Professor Zhu patiently answered them one by one. Professor Sun Shulei summed up and emphasized that the study of opera is carried out from many aspects and angles, and the importance of literature and original texts must be paid attention to when doing academic research. Finally, Professor Sun expressed his sincere gratitude to Professor Yu Weimin for his coming and his guidance to the students.