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Academic lecture on "Introduction to the literature collection of Japanese biological weapons investigation materials" held by the school of social development

In order to expand students' academic vision and improve students' historical literacy, the school of social development invited researcher Wang Xuan from Tokyo judicial center of Shanghai Jiaotong University to give an academic lecture on "Introduction to the literature collection of Japanese biological weapons battle investigation data" in Room 202, information building, Suiyuan campus, Nanjing Normal University at 14:00 p.m. on November 19, 2019. President Qi Chunfeng and  Professor ZhangLian Hong, Associate Professor Yan Haijian, LV Jing, deputy director of Nanjing University History Research Center of the Republic of China, Secretary Chen Zhongxia, Liu Yanjun, Professor of Nanjing holocaust memorial hall and Dr. Shuo's graduate students listened to the lecture.

Before the lecture, we had a book donation ceremony. Professor Qi Chunfeng, Dean of the school of social development, accepted the donation on behalf of the school of social development. After the book donation ceremony, Professor Zhang Lianhong made a brief introduction on the research direction and academic background of teacher. Wang Xuan and officially started today's lecture. He introduced that teacher . Wang Xuan was proficient in Chinese, English and Japanese. In her early years, she mainly used to investigate, collect information and lead victims of bacterial warfare persecution to Japan for litigation. After 60 years old, she began to sort out literature. Her masterpieces include the year of great depression: an oral history of the war disaster in the Wei he River Basin in 1943, and Japanese biological weapons investigation materials (six volumes in total), which were selected as "CCTV moved China's person of the year in 2002". Finally, he hoped that you would listen carefully, fully understand the literature and be able to make use of it in your own research field.

Teacher wang made a detailed introduction to the process, specific content and use method of the investigation and collation of the documentary collection of "Japanese biological weapons combat investigation materials" (full six volumes). The book is the first collection of multinational documents on the use of biological weapons during the Japanese invasion of China.

English archival documents include official archival documents of the United States, China and Japan. Among them, the wartime documents are mainly military intelligence of the allied forces based on the United States, including the official announcement and investigation report of the Japanese army's use of bacteriological weapons in the Chinese battlefield released by the Chinese government to the international community. Post-war documents, mainly dealing with the post-war treatment of germ warfare, collected and sorted out the relevant documents of the international prosecution office of the international military tribunal for the far east for the first time. The book also includes reports from the U.S. military sent to Japan after the war to investigate germ warfare, as well as reports from the legal office of the allied occupation forces, which conducted investigations of germ war-related personnel around Japan based on Japanese whistleblowing reports.

The Japanese archives and documents include the initial data of the Japanese germ warfare program, the related activities of Japanese personnel, and the doctoral dissertations of the core researchers of the Japanese kwantung army epidemic prevention and water supply unit (unit 731), among which the most important one is "jin zishun -- essays". The Japanese document also includes three reports of experimental human dissection of bacteria, which were submitted to us military investigators by the core researchers of unit 731. These reports are now stored by us military research institutions, and involve the development of bacteriological weapons used by the Japanese army. This revealed numerous crimes committed by the Japanese army in China during the Japanese invasion using bacteriological weapons.

Teacher Wang took the chronology of events as an example to sort out the investigation process of Japan's biological weapons operations in China, the United States, the Soviet union and other countries, and concluded that the national government had investigated Japan's biological weapons operations during the Anti-Japanese War, and had actively submitted evidence to the international tribunal for the far east for prosecution after the war. Teacher Wang mainly described the ways and methods of germ warfare and the defense situation of the Chinese government at that time, and provided official materials to prove that Japan had carried out germ warfare in China.

Then, the present teachers expressed their opinions in turn.Teacher Zhang Lianhong made a speech first. She fully affirmed the value of Wang Xuan's collection of documents. At the same time, she suggested that we should pay attention to the chronology of events and the application of multi-disciplinary theory when writing papers. Secondly,Teacher LV Jing, from the center for the history of the Republic of China, Nanjing University, shared his own academic research experience, agreed with Teacher Wang Xuan's many views, and affirmed the importance of bacterial warfare in research. Chen Zhongxia, a professor at the center for the history of the Republic of China at Nanjing University, suggested that the field of vision for the study of bacterial warfare should be broader, and that comprehensive consideration should be given to the contents of epidemic history and social history. Liu Yanjun, a teacher at Nanjing holocaust memorial, believes that Wang's lawsuit plays an important role in the study of bacterial warfare. Finally,Teacher Yan Haijian warned us that the topic selection and data collection and sorting of the paper are a long-term process. The work done byTeacher Wang Xuan laid a good foundation for the academic research of scholars and highly praised the selfless dedication ofTeacher Wang Xuan.

In the interactive phase, the students actively asked questions, and teacher Wang patiently answered the students' questions. Finally,teacher Zhang Lianhong summed up teacher Wang's speech and expressed sincere thanks to teacher Wang for his wonderful speech. The students got a lot in this lecture. The whole lecture came to an end in the warm applause of the students.