At the invitation of the School of Social Development, Professor Zhu Yingui of the Department of History of Fudan University gave a lecture entitled "Some Thoughts on the Study of Modern Economic History in China" on the morning of September 25th in the conference room No. 117, Building 600, Suiyuan Campus. Graduate students of Chinese history majors participated in this special lecture. The lecture was hosted by Qi Chunfeng, Dean of the Social Development Institute.
As a famous scholar in the field of modern economic history in China, Professor Zhu Yingui was warmly welcomed by teachers and students. Professor Zhu Yingui mainly discussed four issues in the lecture. First, how do you evaluate China's modern economy in general? Professor Zhu Yingui reviewed domestic and international research on China's modern economic history, pointing out that domestic academic research has inadequacies such as underestimating China's modern economic development level and economic history is too much influenced by political history. Professor Zhu believes that unlike the previous cognition, the development of China's modern social economy has achieved great success to a considerable extent. This point can be proved from the data of “the scale of China's modern private capital enterprise group”, “the development of machinery, textile and chemical industry from 1927 to 1936”, “power generation” and “rail freight and coal production”.
Secondly, Professor Zhu Yingui raised the question of the nature of China's modern economy. On this issue, several theories in the academic world, such as "semi-colonial and semi-feudal social economy", "transitional economy", "big landowners, big bourgeoisie and big comprador economy" can not make a good explanation. . The main difficulties include: Is the standard of property assessment based on economic development or not? Is it possible to divide the historical stage? What is the relationship between the nature of the bourgeoisie and the big landlord and the big bourgeoisie? There is currently no unified view in the academic world. Professor Zhu Yingui encouraged the students to use this as their ambition to explore in the field of modern economic history in China.
Then, Professor Zhu Yingui pointed out that the evolution of China's modern economy mainly showed the trend of market economy. Modern market economy has its premise and performance, namely: first, it has a series of laws and regulations to protect property rights and regulate market order; secondly, the modern large machine industry has reached a certain scale in quantity and reached a certain level in quality; Third, it has a modern transportation and communication network that guarantees a large flow of people, finances and materials. Fourth, it guarantees the establishment and operation of modern financial and monetary systems such as financing, exchange, taxation and settlement. These elements were developed to varying degrees after the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912. Therefore, Professor Zhu Yingui proposed that China's modern market economy began around 1911, and by the 1930s, China's market economy gradually formed.
Finally, Professor Zhu Yingui discussed the issue of funds in the process of economic development in modern China. Among them, private capital has greatly promoted the development of modern Chinese economy through various forms such as traditional financial institutions headed by Qianzhuang, private capital banking, corporate business-oriented absorption of society and internal fund-raising activities. At the same time, the way private capital operates, with and showing very obvious Chinese characteristics.
Professor Zhu Yingui believes that most of the above four issues have not been resolved or completely resolved, and they can be further in-depth. These four issues cover or represent the most important aspects of China's modern economic development. The promotion and deepening of these issues can be vigorously promoted. Other aspects of research have direct reference value for understanding and understanding China's economic development today.
In the interactive session, Professor Zhu Yingui gave a patient answer to the questions of the students on the spot, and affirmed the students' attitude of listening carefully and the spirit of deep thinking. Finally, Professor Qi Chunfeng summed up the contents of the whole lecture, put forward some opinions and opinions of his own, and thanked Professor Zhu Yingui. The whole lecture ended in the warm applause of the students. The students expressed that they have enriched their knowledge and opened up their academic vision in this lecture.